What is Dynamic Movement Assessment?
The Dynamic Movement Assessment (DMA) is a research-based performance and movement assessment examination. It contains a set of essential athletic movements (applicable across multiple sports) that allows us to objectively identify faulty or uncontrolled movement patterns and quantify them.
Research has shown for the last 15 years that the DMA can identify predictable movement patterns, which leads to increased risk for injury during athletic participation. DMA can help decrease the incidence of injuries suffered by the competitive athlete or the recreational weekend warrior. This type of sports injury screening assists clinicians in identifying injury factors that can improve overall performance.
Some of the common injuries include:
▪ ACL sprains
▪ Ankle sprains
▪ MCL or meniscus injuries
▪ Patellofemoral (anterior knee) pain
▪ Hamstring, quadriceps, or hip flexor strains
What Can Dynamic Movement Assessments Detect?
- Lack of muscle control/coordination (motor control dysfunction)
- Stability issues
- Lack of mobility in joints
- Decreased strength
- Decreased flexibility
- Decreased conditioning
- Decreased posturing
Sports-related and recreational injuries are common, and several factors play a role in the risk for injury. There are nearly 300,000 ACL injuries every year in the United States. These sports injuries lead us to several relevant questions. Could it have been prevented, and if so, how do I go about preventing injuries? How do we know when it is safe to participate in sports or return to sport following an injury?
To answer the first question, YES, injuries are very preventable. In answer to the second question, we have to identify the risk factors involved first and foremost. These are specific not only to the athlete but the sport as well. The best defense in sports injury prevention is identifying the specific pathokinematics, or faulty movement patterns, specific to the athlete and applying tailored interventions to correct these impairments.
Pathokinematics are defined as a pathological alignment of the lower kinetic chain during functional activities that results in abnormal force attenuation along the entire kinetic chain. This leads to inefficient movement and decreased performance.
Wright Physical Therapy Dynamic Movement Testing
The exam takes 15-20 minutes to perform. It is captured through video using pathokinematic assessment technology that can identify angles and planes of motion. This technology allows for the correct assessment of faulty movement patterns that the naked eye has difficulty seeing.
It is also helpful for pre and post-testing to determine the sport-specific program’s effectiveness in correcting the pathokinematic patterns identified. The videos are beneficial in training coaches and athletes in the “why” behind injury prevention and the correlation of injury and movement.
The exam consists of 6 progressive essential movement patterns that increase in sequential difficulty. Each movement is scored on a scale from 0-3, depending on the number of deviations noted. Specific scores indicate the amount of risk of injury.
Before performing these essential movements, it is critical to first screen the athlete to detect any potential injuries that could be further flared up during the exam. After all, this exam is an athletic event. Another key pre-test item is the fatigue protocol. Most injuries occur when the body is fatigued in what we call “4th quarter syndrome”.
Taking an athlete through a specific protocol that fatigues them before the DMA is critical to obtain valid performance indicators and quantifiable data. Failing to do this protocol can lead to false results wherein the athlete appears to have minimal faulty movement patterns even though glaring deficits appear in the “4th Quarter”.
In multiple clinical trials, improved performance with these 6 essential movements based on a specific corrective exercise program has resulted in the following:
▪ An average of 2-4 inch increase in vertical jump
▪ 1.4 seconds faster in 40 yard dash time
▪ Up to 80% reduction of ACL tears
▪ 60% reduction of all other knees, ankle, and lower extremity related injuries
▪ Lowest recordable injuries in several years with two local schools who have implemented this program.
▪ Female athletes who participated in a corrective exercise training program are 3.6 times less likely to suffer a knee injury than untrained athletes.
This means that faulty movement patterns, weaknesses, and physical limitations identified in the DMA can be specifically re-trained and corrected, which reduces the risk of injury and improves overall athletic performance.
Proper assessment of athletic movements and implementing tailored programs specific to the athlete leads to increased athletic performance and decreased injury. The clinicians at Wright Physical Therapy are expertly trained in the proper use of the DMA and the associated interventions necessary for performance and injury prevention.
We look forward to implementing this with you to create solutions that reduce the risk of injuries and enhance sports performance. Click here for more information on Dynamic Movement Assessments and schedule an appointment at one of our clinic locations near you.